PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

eJournal: uffmm.org
ISSN 2567-6458, 15.March – 28.Sept  2021
Email: info@uffmm.org
Author: Gerd Doeben-Henisch
Email: gerd@doeben-henisch.de

CONTEXT

This post is part of the uffmm science blog and will introduce in the new possibility to use the oksimo software for theory development  and theory testing using only everyday language. More options are possible, e.g. the unification of theories.

PREFACE

The topic Philosophy of Science [PoS] in the context of modern science has  a history of   more then 100 years and — in the view of the author — this topic has not yet settled in one grand view of science which is globally accepted.[1]-[7] From the many books the one which I like most as a good first introduction is that entitled The Structure of Scientific Theories edited by Frederick Suppe (1977).[5]  In the German philosophical Discourse there exists the distinction between ‘Philosophy of Science’ (‘Wissenschaftsphilosophie’) and ‘Theory of Science’ (‘Wissenschaftstheorie’). [7] In this text this distinction will not be used.

Given such a multifarious outlook of the subject matter it is difficult to decided how to start a discourse?

In our case we have started with a certain kind of engineering theory, embedded in philosophical considerations, which gave raise to a new paradigm of software which enables behavior spaces which have similarities with e.g. process planning, with solving of problems in a systems engineering style, or with collective man:machine intelligence. A new aspect only recently detected points into the direction, that this behavior space can also be understood as theory production and the  testing of theories.

To clarify these new phenomena with regard to the different views of philosophy of science the following procedure will be followed:

  1. Describe the subject matter of the oksimo behavior space as starting point.
  2. Take the book (or paper) of a well known author of the field and
  3. compare this well known position with the oksimo case.
  4. After such a comparison some result will show up: either the oksimo case is  describable by the position of the selected author or one can detect some differences.
  5. A discussion will reveal in which direction the discourse will proceed.
  6. Repeat (2) – (5)

The first encounters will be arranged with the book The Logic of Scientific Discovery of Karl Popper and then not with the book Science and Hypothesis of Henri Poincaré — as originally planned — but with the book Theory of Sets in the series ELEMENTS OF MATHEMATICS [10] by the group of French Mathematicians with the pseudonym N.Bourbaki.[11]

CONTRIBUTIONS
Encounter with Popper
  1. THE OKSIMO CASE as SUBJECT FOR PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE (last change: March 23, 2021)
  2. THE OKSIMO CASE as SUBJECT FOR PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE. Part 2. makedecidable() (last change: March 23, 2021)
  3. THE OKSIMO CASE as SUBJECT FOR PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE. Part 3. Generate a Vision (last change: March 24, 2021)
  4. THE OKSIMO CASE as SUBJECT FOR PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE. Part 4. Describing Change (Last change: March 24, 2021)
  5. THE OKSIMO CASE as SUBJECT FOR PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE. Part 5. Oksimo as Theory? (Last change: March 24, 2021)
  6. OKSIMO MEETS POPPER. Popper’s Position (Last Change: March 31, 2021⁾
  7. OKSIMO MEETS POPPER. The Oksimo Theory Paradigm (Last change: April 2, 2021)
  8. OKSIMO MEETS POPPER. The Generalized Oksimo Theory Paradigm (Last change: April 5, 2021)

 

Encounter with Nicholas Bourbaki
  1. OKSIMO and BOURBAKI. A Metamathematical Perspective on Oksimo. Part 1 (Last Change: 24.Sept 2021)
  2. To be continued
Nice to have: Poincaré [12]

SOURCES

[1] Wikipedia EN, Philosophy of Science: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy_of_science

[2] Enyclopaedia Britannica, Philosophy of Science: https://www.britannica.com/topic/philosophy-of-science /* Very broad overview */

[3] Journal Philosophy of Science (Since 1934), published by the University of Chicago Press: https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/toc/phos/current

[4] Stanford Encylopedia of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science in Latin America: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/phil-science-latin-america/ /* There exists no general topic of Philosophy of Science! */

[5] Frederick Suppe (Ed.), The Structure of ScientificTheories,  University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 1977, 2nd edition 1979

[6] Jürgen Mittelstraß (Ed.), Enzylopädie Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie, Bd.1-4, Publisher J.Metzler, Stuttgart – Weimar (Germany), 1995 – 1996

[7] Hans Jörg Sandkühler (Ed.), Enzylopädie Philosophie, Bd. 1-3, Publisher Felix Meiner Verlag, Hamburg (Germany), 2010. Stichworte ‘Wissenschaftsphilosophie‘ und ‘Wissenschaftstheorie‘ in Bd.3

[8] Karl Popper, The Logic of Scientific Discovery, First published 1935 in German as Logik der Forschung, then 1959 in English by  Basic Books, New York (more editions have been published  later; I am using the eBook version of Routledge (2002))

[9] Jules Henri Poincaré (1854 – 1912),https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Poincar%C3%A9,  La science et l’hypothèse, Paris 1902, English: Science and Hypothesis, New York 1905, publisher The Walter Scott Publishing CO., LTD (See wikisource: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Science_and_Hypothesis )

[10] N.Bourbaki (1970), Theory of Sets, Series: ELEMENTS OF MATHEMATICS, Springer, Berlin — Heidelberg — New York (Engl. Translation from the French edition 1970)

[11] Bourbaki group in Wikipedia [EN]: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolas_Bourbaki

[12] Jules Henri Poincaré (1854 – 1912),https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Poincar%C3%A9,  La science et l’hypothèse, Paris 1902, English: Science and Hypothesis, New York 1905, publisher The Walter Scott Publishing CO., LTD (See wikisource: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Science_and_Hypothesis )